This web page is a human readable version of the DTD that can be found at This DTD specifies the available character entity for the Special set.

Typical invocation (for xhtml1) is by explicitly using the following tag in your document:

       "-//W3C//ENTITIES Latin 1 for XHTML//EN"


The table below gives the entity name, and the numeric code for the character. If you for example want to put a greek delta (δ) in your text, you can use either:

    Here is a delta &delta; in my text

Or you can use:

    Here is a delta &#948; in my text
name code appearance description Category
Latin Extended-B
fnof 402 ƒ latin small f with hook = function = florin U+0192 ISOtech
Alpha 913 Α greek capital letter alpha U+0391
Beta 914 Β greek capital letter beta U+0392
Gamma 915 Γ greek capital letter gamma U+0393 ISOgrk3
Delta 916 Δ greek capital letter delta U+0394 ISOgrk3
Epsilon 917 Ε greek capital letter epsilon U+0395
Zeta 918 Ζ greek capital letter zeta U+0396
Eta 919 Η greek capital letter eta U+0397
Theta 920 Θ greek capital letter theta U+0398 ISOgrk3
Iota 921 Ι greek capital letter iota U+0399
Kappa 922 Κ greek capital letter kappa U+039A
Lambda 923 Λ greek capital letter lambda U+039B ISOgrk3
Mu 924 Μ greek capital letter mu U+039C
Nu 925 Ν greek capital letter nu U+039D
Xi 926 Ξ greek capital letter xi U+039E ISOgrk3
Omicron 927 Ο greek capital letter omicron U+039F
Pi 928 Π greek capital letter pi U+03A0 ISOgrk3
Rho 929 Ρ greek capital letter rho U+03A1
there is no Sigmaf, and no U+03A2 character either
Sigma 931 Σ greek capital letter sigma U+03A3 ISOgrk3
Tau 932 Τ greek capital letter tau U+03A4
Upsilon 933 Υ greek capital letter upsilon U+03A5 ISOgrk3
Phi 934 Φ greek capital letter phi U+03A6 ISOgrk3
Chi 935 Χ greek capital letter chi U+03A7
Psi 936 Ψ greek capital letter psi U+03A8 ISOgrk3
Omega 937 Ω greek capital letter omega U+03A9 ISOgrk3
alpha 945 α greek small letter alpha U+03B1 ISOgrk3
beta 946 β greek small letter beta U+03B2 ISOgrk3
gamma 947 γ greek small letter gamma U+03B3 ISOgrk3
delta 948 δ greek small letter delta U+03B4 ISOgrk3
epsilon 949 ε greek small letter epsilon U+03B5 ISOgrk3
zeta 950 ζ greek small letter zeta U+03B6 ISOgrk3
eta 951 η greek small letter eta U+03B7 ISOgrk3
theta 952 θ greek small letter theta U+03B8 ISOgrk3
iota 953 ι greek small letter iota U+03B9 ISOgrk3
kappa 954 κ greek small letter kappa U+03BA ISOgrk3
lambda 955 λ greek small letter lambda U+03BB ISOgrk3
mu 956 μ greek small letter mu U+03BC ISOgrk3
nu 957 ν greek small letter nu U+03BD ISOgrk3
xi 958 ξ greek small letter xi U+03BE ISOgrk3
omicron 959 ο greek small letter omicron U+03BF NEW
pi 960 π greek small letter pi U+03C0 ISOgrk3
rho 961 ρ greek small letter rho U+03C1 ISOgrk3
sigmaf 962 ς greek small letter final sigma U+03C2 ISOgrk3
sigma 963 σ greek small letter sigma U+03C3 ISOgrk3
tau 964 τ greek small letter tau U+03C4 ISOgrk3
upsilon 965 υ greek small letter upsilon U+03C5 ISOgrk3
phi 966 φ greek small letter phi U+03C6 ISOgrk3
chi 967 χ greek small letter chi U+03C7 ISOgrk3
psi 968 ψ greek small letter psi U+03C8 ISOgrk3
omega 969 ω greek small letter omega U+03C9 ISOgrk3
thetasym 977 ϑ greek small letter theta symbol U+03D1 NEW
upsih 978 ϒ greek upsilon with hook symbol U+03D2 NEW
piv 982 ϖ greek pi symbol U+03D6 ISOgrk3
General Punctuation
bull 8226 bullet = black small circle U+2022 ISOpub
bullet is NOT the same as bullet operator, U+2219
hellip 8230 horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader U+2026 ISOpub
prime 8242 prime = minutes = feet U+2032 ISOtech
Prime 8243 double prime = seconds = inches U+2033 ISOtech
oline 8254 overline = spacing overscore U+203E NEW
frasl 8260 fraction slash U+2044 NEW
Letterlike Symbols
weierp 8472 script capital P = power set = Weierstrass p U+2118 ISOamso
image 8465 blackletter capital I = imaginary part U+2111 ISOamso
real 8476 blackletter capital R = real part symbol U+211C ISOamso
trade 8482 trade mark sign U+2122 ISOnum
alefsym 8501 alef symbol = first transfinite cardinal U+2135 NEW
alef symbol is NOT the same as hebrew letter alef, U+05D0 although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters
larr 8592 leftwards arrow U+2190 ISOnum
uarr 8593 upwards arrow U+2191 ISOnu
rarr 8594 rightwards arrow U+2192 ISOnum
darr 8595 downwards arrow U+2193 ISOnum
harr 8596 left right arrow U+2194 ISOamsa
crarr 8629 downwards arrow with corner leftwards = carriage return U+21B5 NEW
lArr 8656 leftwards double arrow U+21D0 ISOtech
Unicode does not say that lArr is the same as the 'is implied by' arrow but also does not have any other character for that function. So ? lArr can be used for 'is implied by' as ISOtech suggests
uArr 8657 upwards double arrow U+21D1 ISOamsa
rArr 8658 rightwards double arrow U+21D2 ISOtech
Unicode does not say this is the 'implies' character but does not have another character with this function so ? rArr can be used for 'implies' as ISOtech suggests
dArr 8659 downwards double arrow U+21D3 ISOamsa
hArr 8660 left right double arrow U+21D4 ISOamsa
Mathematical Operators
forall 8704 for all U+2200 ISOtech
part 8706 partial differential U+2202 ISOtech
exist 8707 there exists U+2203 ISOtech
empty 8709 empty set = null set = diameter U+2205 ISOamso
nabla 8711 nabla = backward difference U+2207 ISOtech
isin 8712 element of U+2208 ISOtech
notin 8713 not an element of U+2209 ISOtech
ni 8715 contains as member U+220B ISOtech
should there be a more memorable name than 'ni'?
prod 8719 n-ary product = product sign U+220F ISOamsb
prod is NOT the same character as U+03A0 'greek capital letter pi' though the same glyph might be used for both
sum 8721 n-ary sumation U+2211 ISOamsb
sum is NOT the same character as U+03A3 'greek capital letter sigma' though the same glyph might be used for both
minus 8722 minus sign U+2212 ISOtech
lowast 8727 asterisk operator U+2217 ISOtech
radic 8730 square root = radical sign U+221A ISOtech
prop 8733 proportional to U+221D ISOtech
infin 8734 infinity U+221E ISOtech
ang 8736 angle U+2220 ISOamso
and 8743 logical and = wedge U+2227 ISOtech
or 8744 logical or = vee U+2228 ISOtech
cap 8745 intersection = cap U+2229 ISOtech
cup 8746 union = cup U+222A ISOtech
int 8747 integral U+222B ISOtech
there4 8756 therefore U+2234 ISOtech
sim 8764 tilde operator = varies with = similar to U+223C ISOtech
tilde operator is NOT the same character as the tilde, U+007E, although the same glyph might be used to represent both
cong 8773 approximately equal to U+2245 ISOtech
asymp 8776 almost equal to = asymptotic to U+2248 ISOamsr
ne 8800 not equal to U+2260 ISOtech
equiv 8801 identical to U+2261 ISOtech
le 8804 less-than or equal to U+2264 ISOtech
ge 8805 greater-than or equal to U+2265 ISOtech
sub 8834 subset of U+2282 ISOtech
sup 8835 superset of U+2283 ISOtech
note that nsup, 'not a superset of, U+2283' is not covered by the Symbol font encoding and is not included. Should it be, for symmetry? It is in ISOamsn
nsub 8836 not a subset of U+2284 ISOamsn
sube 8838 subset of or equal to U+2286 ISOtech
supe 8839 superset of or equal to U+2287 ISOtech
oplus 8853 circled plus = direct sum U+2295 ISOamsb
otimes 8855 circled times = vector product U+2297 ISOamsb
perp 8869 up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular U+22A5 ISOtech
sdot 8901 dot operator U+22C5 ISOamsb
dot operator is NOT the same character as U+00B7 middle dot
Miscellaneous Technical
lceil 8968 left ceiling = apl upstile U+2308 ISOamsc
rceil 8969 right ceiling U+2309 ISOamsc
lfloor 8970 left floor = apl downstile U+230A ISOamsc
rfloor 8971 right floor U+230B ISOamsc
lang 9001 left-pointing angle bracket = bra U+2329 ISOtech
lang is NOT the same character as U+003C 'less than' or U+2039 'single left-pointing angle quotation mark'
rang 9002 right-pointing angle bracket = ket U+232A ISOtech
rang is NOT the same character as U+003E 'greater than' or U+203A 'single right-pointing angle quotation mark'
Geometric Shapes
loz 9674 lozenge U+25CA ISOpub
Miscellaneous Symbols
spades 9824 black spade suit U+2660 ISOpub
black here seems to mean filled as opposed to hollow
clubs 9827 black club suit = shamrock U+2663 ISOpub
hearts 9829 black heart suit = valentine U+2665 ISOpub
diams 9830 black diamond suit U+2666 ISOpub